Palace Square ensemble is of great historical and architectural value and takes up an important place in the spatial composition of central Petersburg. Several generations of outstanding architects had been working on the ensemble for several centuries.
Palace Square is represented by cardmaximums, created in period since 1950 till the present time.
Walking begins from Hermitage, one of the largest museums all over the world. Hermitage includes not only exposition of masterpieces of world art, but also tsar rooms, telling about life in the Winter Palace. The Winter Palace is one of the most important architectural monuments in Petersburg, as well as the compositional centre of the territory including the largest city's ensembles. It belongs to the greatest achievements of Russian and world architecture of the XVIII century, both from the point of view of art and that of urban design.
Composite centre of Palace square is the Alexander column, which is presented on many KM indicating square from the different parties.
The special interest for the spectators can take display of square and all of it unique architectural structures in different temporary periods - in XVIII, XIX and ÕÕ centuries.
The triumphal arch is unit of connection of four components of square. On the one hand, it connects two buildings - Main staff and building of Ministries. From the other side, it connects Palace Square with Nevsky prospect. This courageous architectural solution has given squares the completed form, by transforming it in unique architectural ensemble.
The exposition allows the spectator to look around the Square from different directions, being as though in it centre. Masterful arrangement of the ensemble, proportionality of different architectural volumes and unity of proportions, rhythm and module create an ensemble of buildings executed in different styles, making Palace Square one of the most beautiful places in Petersburg. The spectator sees the corner of Moika embankment, the Admiralty, the Palace bridge, the Alexander garden and other sights.
The Admiralty in necklace of squares is a link between Palace and Senate squares, creating together with them an unique shape to centre of St. Petersburg.
Senate Square connects the Admiralty and English embankments. Accordingly, it is limited from the East by Admiralty and from the West by a building of Senate and Synod. Here there was Senate - one of the supreme bodies of the authority in Russia, in honour of which in the 1760-s' years the square has received its name.
Composite centre of Senate square is the monument to Peter the First, from an easy hand of the Great Russian poet À.Pushkin called the Bronze Horseman.
On December 14, 1825, an important historical event took place in Senate Square. At the foot of the monument to Peter I the rebellious troops lined up, headed by noblemen, members of the underground North Society who intended to overthrow the autocratic regime. The uprising was suppressed. On the 100th anniversary of the uprising, Senate Square was renamed Decembrists' Square.
The ensemble was completed when in 1858 the construction of the Isaac's Cathedral bounding square from the south was finished. Between Senate and Isaac's squares there are the Manege (nowadays Exhibition hall) and building of General Post-Office.
THE SAINT ISAAC'S SQUARE
St.Isaac's Square was the last of the central squares to take shape in Petersburg.
It was started in the 1730s-1740s and named Trade Square. Its overall design and appearance took shape mainly during the construction of St.Isaac's Cathedral.
The architect A.Montferrand supervised over the construction. Now St.Isaac's Square is a centre of tourism. Here there are the best city hotels, such as Astoria, Angleter etc.
Senate and St.Isaac's Squares together make the entity architectural ensemble which has received world fame. In this exposition, they are represented on one stand.
THE FIELD OF MARS
In the early 18th century there used to be a bog on the site of the Field, which gave start to two rivers-the Moika and Krikusha (now Griboyedov Canal). Peter I ordered to drain the place. After the two rivers had been connected and the Lebiazhya Kanavka (Swan Canal) was laid, a spacious meadow was formed, that got later the name of the Tsaritsyn (Tsaritsa's) Meadow.
From the East the field frames palace-park ensemble - the Summer garden. After the Summer palace for Peter I was built in the Summer garden it became a centre of political, official life and celebrations.
At the end of the XVIII century, military parades passed on the Tsaritsyn meadow and it got its final name the Field of Mars.
A special place on the square takes the Engineering castle. Its somewhat severe and mysterious appearance is inspired by Romanticism. The castle is cardinally different from the contemporary classical buildings. Some of its features manifest the influence of the Italian Renaissance architecture as well as that of the French Classicism and Gothic. None of the four facades repeats the other.
The northern facade, resembling a country-house opens on the Moika and the Summer Gardens. The wide front staircase leading into the garden is decorated with the statues of Heracles and Flora. The main, southern facade that faces the square where parades used to take place, looks emphatically monumental. Later the monument to Peter I was established in front of it.
In the XVIII-XIX centuries the magnificent buildings were put up that faces the Field of Mars and formed a single ensemble with it: the Mramorny (Marble) Palace, Pavlovsky (Paul) Regiment barracks and others. In 1801, the monument to the Great Russian generalissimo A.Suvorov was put up in the Field of Mars. The military leader represents as the antic God of War - Mars.
After the revolution of 1917, the Field of Mars was no more used as a parade ground. In 1917-19 in the centre of the Field a memorial was erected to those who had fallen in the revolutionary struggle.
In 1920-23 a regular garden was laid out in the Field that transformed the whole ensemble. In 1957, the Eternal Fire was lit in the centre of the Memorial, the first one in this country.
All this with allowance for possibilities of maximafilia is represented in this exposition.